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Haiti (Ayiti)


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Haiti; French Haïti, pronounced: [a.iti]; Haitian Creole: Ayiti), officially the Republic of Haiti (République d'Haïti ; Repiblik Ayiti), is a Creole- and French-speaking Caribbean country. Along with the Dominican Republic, it occupies the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antillean archipelago. Ayiti (Land of high mountains) was the indigenous Taíno or Amerindian name for the mountainous western side of the island.

The country's highest point is Pic la Selle, at 2,680 metres (8,793 ft).

Haiti is situated on the western part of Hispaniola, the second largest island in the Greater Antilles. Haiti is the third largest country in the Caribbean behind Cuba and the Dominican Republic (the latter shares a 360 kilometer (224 mi) border with Haiti).


Ayiti means ‘Land of high mountains’

 Port au Prince 
2nd largest city: Carrefour
3rd largest city: Delmas 

Population: 9,035,536 
Area: 27, 751 km²  (10,714 square miles)

Population density: 330/km²

(How do you calculate population density? Take the population and divide by the area.)

Official language: French, Haitian Kreyol
Government: Presidential republic 
Currency: Gourde (HTG)


Haiti's is unique for several reasons. It was the first independent nation in Latin America, the first post-colonial independent black-led nation in the world, and the only nation whose independence was gained as part of a successful slave rebellion. Despite having common cultural links with its Hispano-Caribbean neighbors, Haiti is the only predominantly Francophone independent nation in the Americas, and one of only two (along with Canada) which designate French as an official language; this means that Haiti is the only independent nation in the Americas that speaks French. The other French-speaking countries are all overseas départements or collectivités of France.

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About Haiti

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